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October 2018

Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) continues to receive reports of children with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), a rare but serious condition. CDC is working hard to find the causes of these AFM cases. Learn more about AFM and symptoms that require immediate medical care at

To date, 22 states including Ohio have CDC-confirmed cases of AFM with onset dates between January and September 2018. More than 90 percent of the confirmed cases across the U.S. have occurred in children age 18 years and younger.

Currently for 2018, the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) has four cases of AFM confirmed by CDC:

•Total cases:4

•Onset range: 8/5/2018-9/16/2018

•Age range:<1 – 13 years

•Sex:All male



•Counties: Columbiana, Cuyahoga, Mercer and Pickaway

AFM is a rare neurological condition that affects less than 1 in a million people in the U.S. each year, however if your child develops any sudden weakness of the arms or legs seek medical attention right away. AFM affects the spinal cord and is characterized clinically by a sudden onset of asymmetric limb weakness. A majority of cases were preceded by fever and/or upper respiratory symptoms; other cases have reported vomiting and diarrhea. These symptoms tended to precede weakness by 5 days.

Please click on the AFM Fact Sheet link below for more information

Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) Fact Sheet